Pistachio trees originally come from the Middle East, Persia (Iran), Syria, Turkey, and Greece where dry lands and desert climates are available. Pistachio trees have been cultivated for more than three thousands years. Persian high positioned desert regions with abundance of sunshine are ideal for growing pistachios. Some deserts located in the south of Iran such as in the Kerman province exceed two hundred thousands hectares with perfect soil for the growth of pistachio trees. Pistachio trees planted in orchards need approximately seven to ten years to reach maturity.
Akbari belongs to the long type of Iranian pistachios, it is also known as the most expensive and exclusive type among all Iranian pistachios. One of the characteristics that differentiate this type to the other Iranian pistachios is the height of head and is equal in length. Akbari pistachios are available in different sizes: 20-22, 22-24, 24-26, and 26-28.
Ahmad Aghaei (AA) is also one of long type of Iranian pistachios and the characteristics of this type can be described as long shape but the lengths size is not always equal. This type Iranian pistachio is the most favorable type in eastern Asia in particular China also in India. AA pistachios are available in various sizes: 20-22, 22-24, 24-26, 26-28, 28-30, and 30-32.
This type of pistachio has round shape and its different than long pistachios, its length is shorter and smaller compared to other type of pistachios. Fandoghi pistachios are the first type in terms of exportation, due to being reasonable in price. Sirjan, where RPC is located at is recognized as the pivotal area where Fandoghi pistachios are growing. Fandoghi pistachios are available in the following sizes: 22-24, 24-26, 26-28, 28-30, 30-32, and 32-34.
This type of pistachio is one of the principles of traditional export products of Iran. Round pistachios are high in protein content and nutritional value. Pistachio has always been the prime non-oil export product of Iran.